Important Phrases in Spanish


I am going to give you some important phrases in Spanish. These important phrases will be your Survival Phrases! These sentences simply helps you to survive in a spanish-speaking-country even if you don’t know anything else about Spanish. Sounds good, huh? I think so 🙂

  • I think the first step of learning a foreign language is to learn how to greet people in their language. Here we go!



Hola is the most common greeting in Spanish which means Hello.

Now you have learned a word in Spanish, yee haw! 🙂

Buenos días

[buenoz dee-yas]

We use Buenos días to say Good morning.

Buenas tardes

[Booenas tardes]

to say Good afternoon

Buenas noches

[Booenas noches]

to say Good evening or Good night



to say Goodbye

Great! Now you have learned how to greet people in Spanish.


  • Let’s learn how to thank in Spanish..



to say Thank you / Thanks

If you want to thank much you should put muchas [moo-chas] before Gracias.

Muchas gracias means Thank you very much

De nada

[de nah-dah]

This is what you say when people thank you for something you did for them. The equivalent in English would be You’re welcome!

Por favor

[por favor]

to say Please


  • Being sorry for something.. Getting attention to yourself..

¡Perdón! ¡Perdone! ¡Lo siento!

[¡perdon! ¡perdone! ¡Lo siyento!]

It is the word when you are sorry or when you did something wrong and you want to apologise for it. In short, this means I’m sorry!. You may also use this word to catch someone’s attention as well, for instance at the restaurant when you want to call the waiter.

¡Perdón! ¡Perdone! ¡Discúlpe!

[¡perdon! ¡perdone! ¡disculpe!]

to say Excuse me! . For example you can use this phrase when you are in a crowded bus and you want to get out and there are people in your way.

No te preocupes | no hay problema

[no te preocupes | no ai problema]

the way you reply to ¡Perdón! ¡Perdone! ¡Discúlpe!. In English it has the same meaning with No worries or No problem


Si / No

[See / No]

means Yes / No in English


  • To ask if somebody can speak a language that you can..

¿Habla usted Inglés? / Español / Italiano / Francés / Alemán / Turco?

[abla usted eengles? / espanyol / ital-yano / fran-sees / turco ?]

Do you speak English / Spanish / Italian / French / German / Turkish ?

(You can add ¡Perdón! before ¿Habla usted Inglés? to get attention to yourself )


  • To say you don’t speak Spanish or you speak a little Spanish..

No hablo (mucho) Español!

[no ablo (mucho) espanyol]

I don’t speak (much) Spanish.

Hablo poco  Español!

[ ablo poco espanyol]

I speak a little Spanish. 


  • To let know somebody that you didn’t understand what he/she just said..



It is a very important word. If someone comes to you and say something that you can’t hear properly or can’t understand, this is the way you say Sorry? or I didn’t get that. In other words, you can also use this word to ask someone to repeat something again.

¿Puede repetir?

[Poo-ede repetir?]

Could you repeat it please? More polite way than saying ¿Cómo?


  • To say that you don’t /can’t /didn’t understand

No entiendo / No comprendo

[no entiyendo / no comprendo]

I don’t / can’t understand.


No sé

[no se]

I don’t know. This phrase is particularly useful, because anyone in the streets can come to you and ask for information about something. So this is what you have to say I don’t know! 🙂


  • To ask where something / some place that you look for is..

¿Dónde está ___? 

[donde esta]

Where is ___? It is very useful when you first get to a spanish-speaking-country. Because you will probably need to ask somebody for some addresses 🙂 Or you might need to ask where the toilet is. Then you can say ¿Dónde está el baño? [donde esta el banyo?]


  • To ask the price of something..

¿Cuánto cuesta? (Since you just started to learn Spanish you might not know how to say the name of what you want to buy in Spanish, you can point it with you finger 🙂 )

[Coo-anto coo-esta?]

How much is it? When you first get to a spanish-speaking-country you will probably want to buy some interesting stuff that you think that you can only find there. This is one of the most useful phrases in Spanish.


  • To ask for the bill in a restaurant..

La cuenta por favor.

[La coo-enta por favor]

The bill please.


In this post I am not going to give you the basic numbers, because the first thing you should learn in Spanish are above 🙂 If you need numbers for some reason just show it with your fingers for now 🙂 Hope you liked my first Spanish lesson and Adiós!



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