Nouns and Articles in Portuguese 1
All the nouns in Portuguese consist of two gender: masculine (masculino) and feminine (femenino), and they are determined with article definition.
Description prepositions consist of two types: definite (definido) and indefinite (indefinido). They can be singular (singular) or plural (plural) in accordance with the number of nouns they define.
o homem (man) os homens (men)
a mulher (woman) as mulheres (women)
o livro (book) os livros (books)
a mesa (table) as mesas (tables)
um homem (a man)
uns homens (some men / few men)
uma mulher (a woman)
umas mulheres (some women / few women)
um livro (a book)
uns livros (some books)
a + o = ao
- Eu fui ao cinema ontem(I went to cinema yesterday) [Note: exceptionally cinema ends with ‘a‘ letter but has the article ‘o‘]
- Eu estou a ir à minha casa (I am going to my house.) [casa has the article ‘a‘]
from / of..
de + o = do
- Rua do Brasil (street of Brasil <it was the name of the street where I lived in Coimbra/Portugal 🙂 >) [Brasil has the article ‘o‘]
- Fui, apesar da loja estar fechada. (I went, even though the shop was closed.) [loja has the article ‘a‘]