Nouns and Articles in Spanish

Hi everyone,

All the nouns in Spanish consist of two gender: masculine (masculino) and feminine (femenino), and they are determined with article definition.

Description prepositions consist of two types: definite (definido) and indefinite (indefinido). They can be singular (singular) or plural (plural) in accordance with the number of nouns they define.

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el hombre (man)                los hombres (men)

la mujer (woman)             las mujeres (women)

el libro (book)                      los libros (books)

la mesa (table)                     las mesas (tables)

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un hombre (a man)

unos hombres (some men / few men)

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una mujer (a woman)

unas mujeres (some women / few women)

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un libro (a book)

unos libros (some books)

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If an adjective is used as a noun we define it with lo (to define it as neutral): malo (bad), lo malo (bad, bad thing).

Note:  To prevent the voice missmatch, we define feminine nouns starting with a- or ha as el- instead of la-: el águila, el hacha.

El águila                                     El hacha

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to..

a + el = al

  • Saludo al (a+el) profesor (I greet my teacher)
  • Asisto al (a+el) curso de español (I continue to spanish course)

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from..

de + el = del

  • Bajo del (de+el) tercer piso (I am going from third floor)
  • Llevo la cartera del (de+el) profesor (I am carrying my teacher’s bag)
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Note: If the al preposition combines with an infinitive, it represents an adverb: al salir de la oficina (when leaving the office), al llegar a casa (when arriving to home).

Stay cool and stay connected to learn more!.. Adios..           

 

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