Nouns and Articles in Spanish

Hi everyone,

All the nouns in Spanish consist of two gender: masculine (masculino) and feminine (femenino), and they are determined with article definition.

Description prepositions consist of two types: definite (definido) and indefinite (indefinido). They can be singular (singular) or plural (plural) in accordance with the number of nouns they define.


el hombre (man)                los hombres (men)

la mujer (woman)             las mujeres (women)

el libro (book)                      los libros (books)

la mesa (table)                     las mesas (tables)


un hombre (a man)

unos hombres (some men / few men)


una mujer (a woman)

unas mujeres (some women / few women)


un libro (a book)

unos libros (some books)


If an adjective is used as a noun we define it with lo (to define it as neutral): malo (bad), lo malo (bad, bad thing).

Note:  To prevent the voice missmatch, we define feminine nouns starting with a- or ha as el- instead of la-: el águila, el hacha.

El águila                                     El hacha



a + el = al

  • Saludo al (a+el) profesor (I greet my teacher)
  • Asisto al (a+el) curso de español (I continue to spanish course)



de + el = del

  • Bajo del (de+el) tercer piso (I am going from third floor)
  • Llevo la cartera del (de+el) profesor (I am carrying my teacher’s bag)

Note: If the al preposition combines with an infinitive, it represents an adverb: al salir de la oficina (when leaving the office), al llegar a casa (when arriving to home).

Stay cool and stay connected to learn more!.. Adios..           


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